By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Due to the 1950 Group Areas Act Apartheid-era policy however, ... it is also a place where many different cultures have managed to survive, blend, and flourish. MAJITHA! This target will be KwaZulu-Natal’s people belong to various ethnic groups. Fugitive's Drift. The Old Prison can count 127 years of history including the Colonial times, Apartheid, the Liberation struggle, the political struggle through to the dawn of a democratic South... KwaZulu-Natal is blessed with a very rich and recognisable, intriguing and often awe-inspiring African culture, that of the Zulu. KwaZulu-Natal is home to Zulu, Afrikaner, European and Indian cultures whose influences are indelibly marked into the region’s fabric. Most whites live in or near the port city of Durban or elsewhere along the coast. Top KwaZulu-Natal Cultural Tours: See reviews and photos of cultural tours in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa on Tripadvisor. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/KwaZulu-Natal, Official Site of KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Government, South Africa, South African History Online - Kwazulu Natal, Official Tourism Site of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), KwaZulu-Natal - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). There is also the University of Durban-Westville at Durban and the University of Zululand at Kwa-Dlangezwa, near Empangeni. Peoples of Black African descent, mostly Zulu, make up more than four-fifths of the population, while Asians of mostly Indian descent account for about one-tenth and whites of mostly European descent less than one-tenth. During the 1830s and early 1840s, the northern part of what is now KwaZulu-Natal was established as the Zulu Kingdom while the southern part was, briefly, the Boer … You can’t take anything too seriously in KwaZulu-Natal. The land rises from the coast to more than 11,000 feet (3,300 metres) along the Drakensberg Escarpment on that border. The cultural tapestry which the province is endowed with, and the need to promote it, is entrenched in … 4 Pietermaritzburg - dating back to 1838, the original capital of the Voortrekkers’ Natal. We like to relax and would rather use our energy in more constructive ways. Furthermore, KwaZulu-Natal is one of nine provinces within South Africa and the cultural dynamics could be different in the other provinces. Let our friendly travel experts help you create your dream holiday. It is very narrow in the south and widens in the northern part of the province. Zulu, a nation of Nguni-speaking people in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. KwaZulu-Natal has its own brand of uniqueness when it comes to tourist attractions. Most of South Africa’s Asians live in KwaZulu-Natal province. The higher elevations of the Drakensberg experience freezing temperatures and snow in the winter. 1968 / 008838 / 07), © 2015 Copyright Portfolio It is bounded to the north by Swaziland and Mozambique, to the east by the Indian Ocean, to the south by Eastern Cape province, to the west by Lesotho and Free State province, and to the northwest by Mpumalanga province. Moses Mabhida Stadium, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal province, S.Af. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Plantations of pine and eucalyptus in the Midlands provide raw materials for sawmills and for paper and rayon pulp mills. These areas are extremely scenic as well as important to the surrounding ecosystems. Veyane Cultural Village. Its infamous adjudication sentenced Mandela to 27 years in prison, until his release on February 11, 1990. Shakaland. A subsistence economy prevails in the areas that were formerly set aside for Blacks. Omissions? Top KwaZulu-Natal Cultural Tours: See reviews and photos of cultural tours in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa on Tripadvisor. Where is Serengeti National Park? ... Wentworth is fast becoming a safe zone and is low on the list of High-crime areas in KwaZulu-Natal.      | Methodology 3. Peoples of Black African descent, mostly Zulu, make up more than four-fifths of the population, while Asians of mostly Indian descent account for about one-tenth and whites of mostly European descent less than one-tenth. Within KwaZulu-Natal is an enclave of Eastern Cape province consisting of the eastern portion of the former Griqualand East (around Umzimkulu). KwaZulu Natal is the one place where you can see rhinos and whales in just one day. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa on Tripadvisor: See 291,279 traveler reviews and photos of KwaZulu-Natal tourist attractions. The intersection between culture and sexual behaviours is very much contested. Written by Karen Hastings and Carri Wilbanks Aug 2, 2019. KwaZulu-Natal, formerly Natal, province of South Africa, occupying the southeastern portion of the country. Pop. KwaZulu-Natal’s people belong to various ethnic groups. The origin of the Zulu, probably the largest single population group in South Africa, lies in a small Nguni-speaking chiefdom that emerged near the White Umfolozi River in what is today known as KwaZulu-Natal during the 16th century. Durban is a sunny city with great beaches, incredible marine life and some of the best Indian cuisine, whilst in the north-eastern corner of the province travellers are afforded phenomenal Big Five safari in Africa's oldest proclaimed game reserve or in one of the several surrounding privately owned reserves. Updates? KZN History and Culture As far from the dry chronicling of distant, long-forgotten events as any well-travelled voyager could hope to encounter, the history of our Kingdom offers a panorama of unforgettable experiences - a living Buzz that permeates every quarter of this spectacularly beautiful terrain where the mighty Zulu nation was forged. Hence the findings related to culture within this study could possibly be limited to the province of KwaZulu-Natal. Most of the people live along and behind the coast or in the centre of the province; the extreme west and northeast are lightly populated. South Coast Cultural Heritage Experiences KwaZulu-Natal KwaZulu-Natal is blessed with a very rich and recognisable, intriguing and often awe-inspiring African culture, that of the Zulu. Study design. Area 36,433 square miles (94,361 square km). Attend an animal auction at a national park in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Over the centuries, Stone Age and Iron Age people, San ‘Bushmen’, Bantu speaking Nguni pastoralists, Boer trekkers, British traders and many other European settlers, as well as Indians, many of whose ancestors arrived as indentured labourers, have made their h… More than one-half of the province’s Asians are Hindus, and about one-seventh are Muslims. Dutch and British settlers originally landed at the Western Cape, spread into the region and came face to face with the Zulu Nation – united under the legendary Zulu King Shaka whose legacy is still revered by Zulu communities today. The Lodge and Guest House are set within the 2500 hectare... No cancellation fees if you cancel more than one month before your date of travel. Zulu men at King Shaka Day celebrations with the KwaZulu-Natal mountains in the background. The South Coast, known as the Paradise of the... Our travel experts will take care of every detail. Portfolio is operated by Portfolio Media (Pty) Ltd (reg no. 2 Background. KwaZulu-Natal (/ k w ɑː ˌ z uː l uː n ə ˈ t ɑː l /, also referred to as KZN and known as "the garden province"; Zulu: iKwaZulu-Natali; Xhosa: KwaZulu-Natala; Afrikaans: KwaZoeloe-Natal) is a province of South Africa that was created in 1994 when the Zulu bantustan of KwaZulu ("Place of the Zulu" in Zulu) and Natal Province were merged. Valley of a Thousand Hills, KwaZulu-Natal: picturesque gateway to the Midlands . The Valley of a Thousand Hills between Durban and Pietermaritzburg is the gateway to the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands, rich in history, culture, scenic beauty, outdoor adventures and tourist attractions. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Read More on This Topic Many of the province’s Black citizens have retained much of their cultural identity through their use of the Zulu language and through a rich heritage of folklore, ceremony, and customs that reflect a diversity of tribal allegiances. Many Blacks are concentrated in rural areas consisting of broken, rugged country. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. They are a branch of the southern Bantu and have close ethnic, linguistic, and cultural ties with the Swazi and Xhosa. Beyond the Drakensberg lies the Highveld, or high plateau. The province produces such subtropical fruits as pineapples and bananas, and the dairy industry is also important. See more historic sites for groups in … ZWAKALA! 2 Contents 1. Durban, together with neighbouring Pinetown, is the province’s economic and industrial centre. KwaZulu-Natal’s chief port, Durban, is South Africa’s main cargo port and serves much of the interior of southern Africa. Read more, Home > Heritage Collection > South Africa > KwaZulu-Natal > Culture. The economy in these areas rests mainly on cattle raising and corn (maize) cultivation and is supplemented by remitted earnings of Blacks who work elsewhere in South Africa. In general, summers are hot with occasional rain, while the warm, dry, and sunny winters have made the coast the principal holiday playground of Southern Africa. The rest of the Black Africans speak related Bantu languages. African culture has experienced rapid change since the colonial invasion. Polygyny is common, and each wife has her own hut within the kraal. Seven reasons to visit KwaZulu-Natal 6 min read • Published Apr 2, 2019 From sea to sky, KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) shines like no other South African province – its 600km-long, beach-lined coast is an unparalleled playground for… The BA in Cultural and Heritage Tourism (which is offered both as a major or as a structure degree) is a three-year degree which produces competent experts who are able to act as managers, administrators, entrepreneurs, tour operators, researchers and educators in the emerging field of cultural … The Hlabisa HIV Treatment and Care Programme is a partnership between the Department of Health (in 17 Primary Health Care clinics, (PHCs)) and the Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa [].The programme began in late 2004 and by December 2011, 20,598 adults had initiated treatment, an estimated 31% of all HIV-infected adults … Under the former system of apartheid, or racial separation, Natal province contained the nonindependent Black state of KwaZulu, which served as the legal homeland of the country’s Zulus. Contemporary African culture is a mixture of traditional elements and alien features.       Here you can visit a Hare Krishna temple in Durban, pay your respects at the Battlefields in the Midlands, come face to face with Zulu culture and celebrate some of the finest beaches along the Indian Ocean coastline. The midlands are hilly plateausthat rise toward the west. Contact Now! Following the repeal of apartheid and the resorption of KwaZulu in 1994, Natal was renamed KwaZulu-Natal. It has most of KwaZulu-Natal’s factories and is one of South Africa’s most important industrial regions. The mineral wealth of KwaZulu-Natal province consists mostly of coal, which is mined in the north around Newcastle and Dundee and provides South Africa with much of its coking and semi-anthracite coal. The lowland region lies along the Indian Ocean coast. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). For the history of the province, see Natal. Dramatically beautiful and surprisingly diverse, KwaZulu-Natal, in the northeast of the country, packs in many of South Africa's most popular attractions, despite its small size. KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa’s most African province, has everything the continent is known for – beaches, wildlife, mountains and accessible ethnic culture. Temperatures decrease from the frost-free coastal area but still remain warm. KwaZulu-Natal’s climate varies from subtropical to temperate. Whites, by contrast, tend to operate in an advanced commercial economy, through which most of the province’s resources have been exploited. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Precipitation decreases from more than 50 inches (1,270 mm) annually along the coast to 30 to 40 inches (760 to 1,020 mm) inland. HOWZIT! 12.4. Zulus are the largest black group inside South Africa. HEITA! The third region is mountainous. Inland, cooler than Durban in summer. Downtown Durban, KwaZulu-Natal province, S.Af. Sugar refining is mainly carried out in Durban. Pietermaritzburg and Durban both have campuses of the University of Natal. 1968 / 008838 / 07). Good base to see the Zulu culture. The provincial capital is Pietermaritzburg. Its factories are primarily concerned with textiles and clothing, food processing, chemicals, sugar refining, and oil refining. The beachfront of Durban, KwaZulu-Natal province, S.Af. SANIBONANI! 2 Dundee; 3 Eshowe - the oldest town of European settlement in Zululand. Introduction 2. (2011) 10,267,300. Corrections? KwaZulu re­mained in­de­pen­dent until 1879. Portfolio is operated by Portfolio Media (Pty) Ltd (reg no. The Department of Arts and Culture has been entrusted with the responsibility of preserving and promoting all different cultures of those residing within KwaZulu-Natal. Find out by taking this quiz about Africa. The overall IAPCC-R tool had reasonable internal consistency with the calculated Chronbach's a (total tool) of 0.780, and individual constructs ranged from poor (0.304 for cultural knowledge) to moderate (0.671 for cultural encounters) (Table 2). The province has three different geographic areas. Perhaps more than any other province, the events that took place in KwaZulu-Natal changed the course of South Africa’s history and subsequently had an enormous impact and influence on how South Africa has developed politically, socially and geographically. Nelson Mandela Capture Site, KwaZulu-Natal Nelson Mandela ’s arrest occurred on August 5, 1962, at this spot in KwaZulu-Natal after which The Rivonia Treason Trial followed. These are the best places for groups seeking historic sites in KwaZulu-Natal: Rorke's Drift. The most important agricultural area is along the coast, where sugarcane is the major crop. Recommendations Dur­ing the 1830s and early 1840s, the north­ern part of what is now KwaZulu-Na­tal was oc­cu­pied by the Zulu King­dom while the south­ern part was, briefly, the Boer re­pub­lic of Na­talia be­fore be­com­ing, in 1843, the British Colony of Natal. The post-apartheid legal reforms: 1998 – 2000 the Marine Living Resources Act of 1998 and the Subsistence Fisheries Task Group 5. The province’s road and rail networks are well-developed. The Zulu are the single largest ethnic group in South Africa and numbered about nine million in the late 20th century. The central region is called the Natal Midlands. The head of the kraal may have custody of the property attached to…. Blood River Heritage Site. Tugela River flowing through the Drakensberg range, KwaZulu-Natal province, S.Af. KwaZulu-Natal Province plans to increase its foreign arrivals by 2011 to 2 million, and its domestic trips to 15.5 million, and a R34 billion contribution to GDP. Moses Mabhida Stadium, which hosts cultural and sporting events, is located in Durban. Womens Cultural Group Phone and Map of Address: 222 Kenilworth Rd, Overport, Kwazulu Natal, 4091, South Africa, Durban, Business Reviews, Consumer Complaints and Ratings for Women's Organizations & Services in Durban. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Pietermaritzburg also has a number of industries, including an aluminum plant, several footwear factories, and food-processing plants. Historical background: crafting freedom and cultural identity through subsistence fishing in colonial and apartheid waters 4. KwaZulu-Natal is generally hilly or mountainous, especially along its western border. ... whereas African cultures are collectivistic, group-oriented, and concerned with the welfare of their community. The high burden of HIV in KwaZulu Natal disproportionately affects women and adolescent girls because the economic, social, cultural and behavioural factors . We have reviews of the best places to see in KwaZulu-Natal. The Zulu are a traditional hunter-gathering ethnic group in South Africa. The slope is not gradual, however, and various rocky outcrops render the terrain into steps of undulating land ascending from an elevation of 500 feet (150 metres) along the coastal plain to areas of 2,000 feet (600 metres) and then 4,000 feet (1,200 metres) in the centre of the province, a region known as the Midlands. It’s just too hot for that - and besides, it takes too much energy. The two mountain ranges are the Drakensberg Mountains in the west and the Le… What is Rhodesia called today? Among certain peoples of KwaZulu/Natal, for example, the kraal consists of a number of huts arranged in a circle around a cattle corral. KwaZulu-Natal is about 92,100 square kilometres (35,600 sq mi) in area, making it about the same size as Portugal. Two areas in KwaZulu-Natal have been declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the iSimangaliso Wetland Park and the uKhahlamba Drakensberg Park. In 1887 the British annexed Natal, today known as KwaZulu-Natal, and later incorporated Natal into a colony. The province of KwaZulu-Natal is the epicentre of the HIV epidemic in South Africa with a prevalence of 12.2% . Areas are extremely scenic as well as important to the Midlands provide raw materials sawmills. ( requires login ) you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) have custody the... Epicentre of the Drakensberg lies the Highveld, or in January economic, social cultural. Of Zululand at Kwa-Dlangezwa, near Empangeni tugela River flowing through the lies! Mandela to 27 years in prison, until his release on February 11, 1990 Paradise of the attached! 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